Innovations In Clinical Neuroscience

HOTTOP Multiple Sclerosis MAR 2018

A peer-reviewed, evidence-based journal for clinicians in the field of neuroscience

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10 Hot Topics in Multiple Sclerosis [March 2018] MS Awareness Month REFERENCES 1. MS Awareness Month. MSAA: The Multiple Sclerosis Association of America. https://mymsaa. org/about-msaa/ms-awareness- month-2017/. Accessed March 8, 2018. 2. Multiple sclerosis. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/ diseases-conditions/multiple- sclerosis/symptoms-causes/syc- 20350269. Published August 4, 2017. Accessed March 8, 2018. 3. Research News & Progress. National Multiple Sclerosis Society. https://www. nationalmssociety.org/Research/ Research-News-Progress. Published March 2, 2018. Accessed March 8, 2018. 4. Murray TJ. Multiple sclerosis: the history of a disease. N Engl J Med. 2015;353:1306–1307. * Access the full timeline MS Stopping MS. Many therapies for MS, especially ones that treat relapsing forms of MS, are being developed in the United States. However, researchers and MS societies are taking on the next challenge: Stopping MS completely and finding a cure. In addition to a joint study by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society and the National Institute of Health, the Progressive Multiple Sclerosis Alliance committed $14.1 million to a series of projects in 2016. And, with the current knowledge of how MS and genetics are connected, researchers are studying how lifestyle changes in patients with MS might prevent MS in future generations. Research updates. One international group of researchers recently discovered that a patient's altered blood cells can actually reduce immune responses against parts of myelin. Additionally, ibudliast, which has been used to treat a variety of ailments, is now being evaluated as a potential treatment for both primary progressive and secondary progressive MS. And the ongoing MS-SMART Trial is examining a trio of neuroprotective agents—fluoxetine, riluzole, and amiloride—to evaluate their effectiveness in MS treatment. Check out the National Multiple Sclerosis Society's website for a list of goals for MS research in the coming years, such as understanding what mechanisms lead to disease progression. Repairing damage of MS . Many patients with relapsing MS suffer from life-long debilitating cognitive and physical symptoms. Scientists are now exploring how to repair the nervous system and myelin using cell therapies. And in the non-drug treatment arena, scientists found that aerobic exercise and stretching can increase cognition of patients with MS. * Access more information MS T he ultimate goal of the MS community is to find a cure for the disease, but until that cure is found, helping those with MS manage their symptoms and maintain independence are the primary objectives. MS currently affects about 2.3 million people in the world, and it affects women far more than men. More than half of those diagnosed with MS are still working, but after only a few years of having the disease, the number of those still in the workforce drops to just over 40 percent due to the physical and cognitive fatigue that comes with MS. For people with MS who are working, the National Multiplie Sclerosis Society has developed a list of possible accommodations that a company can make to help meet the needs of employees with MS, such as installing grab bars in the restrooms, providing employees with parking spots closer to the office door, or allowing employees with MS to work from home a couple of days per week. Providing computer aids, such as voice recognition software or adapted keyboards, are other ways companies can help their employees with MS. Outside of the workplace, a variety of assistive technologies, including home and automobile modifications and communication devices, exist that can help people with MS maintain their independence. The Multiple Sclerosis Foundation offers the Assistive Technology Program, which helps locate, partially fund, or provide full funding for one of a wide range of assistive technologies and devices for people with MS. The National Multiple Sclerosis Society also has a variety of resources for patients with MS, including educational programs, advanced care assistance, resources for specific populations of patients with MS, and a calendar of related events. * Access more information MS Updates in Multiple Sclerosis Research The MS Community

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