Innovations In Clinical Neuroscience

NOV-DEC 2017

A peer-reviewed, evidence-based journal for clinicians in the field of neuroscience

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33 ICNS INNOVATIONS IN CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE November-December 2017 • Volume 14 • Number 11–12 O R I G I N A L R E S E A R C H TABLE 1. Sample characteristics of geographical groupings CATEGORY NAME COUNTRY NUMBER JUSTIFICATION FOR GROUPINGS South America-Mexico (Spanish-speaking) Argentina, Chile, Mexico 264 Grouping was based primarily on language of the PANSS administration (i.e., Spanish) Austria-Germany Austria, Germany 360 Grouping was based primarily on language of the PANSS administration (i.e., German) and geographic location Belgium-Netherlands Belgium, Netherlands 210 Grouping was based primarily on language of administration and geo-cultural similarities, according to the realities and challenges of the society Brazil Brazil 135 Brazil was identified as separate from the Americas based on language (Brazilian Portuguese versus Spanish) and geo-cultural differences Canada Canada 473 Canada was not selected to be part of another category based on the language use of French-Canadian. It should be noted that some PANSS were also administered in English Nordic Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden 541 Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden were combined, as they are Nordic countries with geographical and cultural regions in Northern Europe and the North Atlantic. These four countries have much in common with respect to their lifestyle, history, religion, Scandinavian languages, and social structure France France 272 France was not selected to be part of another category based on language (i.e., French) Great Britain Great Britain 158 Great Britain was not selected to be part of another category based on language and within-country cultural heteroge- neity India India 314 India was not selected to be part of another category based on language, geographical location, and within-country cultural heterogeneity Italy Italy 115 Italy was not selected to be part of another category based on language (i.e., Italian) and within-country cultural heterogeneity Poland Poland 267 Poland was not selected to be part of another category based on language, (i.e., Polish) Eastern Europe Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine, Croatia, Esto- nia, Czech Republic 441 The six countries identified as Eastern Europe were categorized based on location and Slavic language origin Russia Russia 161 Russia was not selected to be part of another category based on language (i.e., Russia) and culture South Africa South Africa 311 South Africa was not selected to be part of another category based on language and geographic location The United States The United States 2737 The United States was not selected to be part of another category based on language, geographic location, and with- in-country cultural heterogeneity Spain Spain 130 Spain was not selected to be part of another category based on language (i.e., Spain-Spanish) and within-country cultural heterogeneity

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