Innovations In Clinical Neuroscience

MAY-JUN 2017

A peer-reviewed, evidence-based journal for clinicians in the field of neuroscience

Issue link: http://innovationscns.epubxp.com/i/862254

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Innovations in CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE [ V O L U M E 1 4 , N U M B E R 5 – 6 , M A Y – J U N E 2 0 1 7 ] 34 N E W S & T R E N D S USING EPIGENETICS TO COMBAT A NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASE A study performed by a group of researchers in the United States, United Kingdom, and France found that epigenetics can be used to help prevent schistosomiasis. This tropical disease, which kills more than 200,000 people each year, comes from a small freshwater parasite that enter the bloodstream of victims through the skin. * Full story PENN ENGINEERS IDENTIFY PROTEIN IMPLICATED IN 3-D EPIGENETICS OF BRAIN DEVELOPMENT Two people at the University of Pennsylvania led a study, which was published in the journal Genome Research that looked into "identifying a new protein that connects loops in embryonic stem cells as they begin to differentiate into types of neurons." * Full story NEWLY DISCOVERED BIOMARKERS MAY LEAD TO PROMISING DIAGNOSTIC TOOL FOR ALZHEIMER'S Researchers at Ohio State University discovered biomarkers—specifically, changes to proteins in spinal fluid and blood—that might help diagnose Alzheimer's disease. * Full story EPILEPSY BIOMARKERS PAVE WAY FOR NONINVASIVE DIAGNOSIS, BETTER TREATMENTS In an article recently published in Epilepsia, investigators share their discover of a unique metabolic signature in the brain tissue of those with epilepsy. This biomarker might allow doctors and surgeons to diagnose epilepsy noninvasively through magnetic resonance imaging. * Full story BIOHACKERS ENCODED MALWARE IN A STRAND OF DNA A group of researchers from the University of Washington has shown for the first time that it's possible to encode malicious software into physical strands of DNA, so that when a gene sequencer analyzes it the resulting data becomes a program that corrupts gene-sequencing software and takes control of the underlying computer. * Full story HUMAN GUT MICROBES MAY HELP SUPPRESS MS, NEW RESEARCH SUGGESTS A bacteria present in the gut, Prevotella histicola, prevented multiple sclerosis (MS) from developing in a preclinical mouse model, say researchers from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, along with colleagues at the University of Iowa. * Full story THE SOCIAL TIES BETWEEN AUTISM AND SCHIZOPHRENIA Comparing the social features of the two conditions could lead to better treatments and a deeper understanding of each. * Full story THIS MAY BE THE CAUSE OF SCHIZOPHRENIA The ultimate cause of schizophrenia—genetic, but also with possible environmental triggers—now has additional supporting evidence to suggest that genetic damage to special supporting cells in the brain known as glial cells may play a role in developing the mental disorder as well. * Full story PRECISION MEDICINE FOR PREVENTING SUICIDE A research team led by scientists at the Indiana University (IU) School of Medicine say they have created a novel method for diagnosing suicide risk by developing blood tests that work in everyone, as well as more personalized blood tests for different subtypes of suicidality and high-risk groups. * Full story 23ANDME LAUNCHES LARGE STUDY ON DEPRESSION, BIPOLAR DISORDER The high-tech company is recruiting 25,000 people to participate in research designed to unravel some of the mysteries of mood disorders. * Full story BRAIN INJURY IN KIDS MIGHT LEAD TO ALCOHOL ABUSE Researchers from Ohio State University have surveyed previous studies to investigate the relationship between traumatic brain injuries and alcohol abuse. They found evidence that traumatic brain injuries in children and adolescents could be a risk factor for alcohol abuse in later life. * Full story NEW STUDY SHOWS MOST PEOPLE WILL DEVELOP MENTAL ILLNESSES IN THEIR LIFETIME Although the stigma surrounding mental illness is slowly being broken down, the misconception that a disorder like depression or anxiety means there's something "wrong" with you remains pervasive. But a new study shows that the vast majority of people will develop a mental illness at some point in their lives. * Full story

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