Innovations In Clinical Neuroscience

JAN-FEB 2017

A peer-reviewed, evidence-based journal for clinicians in the field of neuroscience

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Innovations in CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE [ V O L U M E 1 4 , N U M B E R 1 – 2 , J A N U A R Y – F E B R U A R Y 2 0 1 7 ] 40 ABSTRACT Background: 3,4-methylenedioxy- methamphetamine or MDMA (also known as "ecstasy" or "molly") is a commonly abused drug that affects behavior and can lead to neuronal damage. Intermittent feeding is an effective dietary protocol that promotes neuroprotection and improves behavioral outcomes in animal models of neurotoxicity and neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we investigated the behavioral and histological outcomes of the effect of intermittent feeding on the orally administered MDMA in mice. Methods: The animals (male albino mice) were divided into four groups: ad libitum (AL), intermittent feeding (IF) (food given every other day), and AL and IF control groups. After five weeks, AL and IF groups were given a single oral dose of 20 or 60mg/kg MDMA. Behavior was assessed with the elevated plus-maze and the open field tests. Each of the treatment groups were then divided in to two groups: AL-AL (AL diet throughout), AL-IF (IF after MDMA administration), IF-IF (IF diet throughout), IF-AL (AL after MDMA administration). The second behavioral assessment was performed on ninth and 12th day after MDMA administration. The brains were then prepared with cresyl fast violet stain for stereology of the CA1 area of hippocampus. Results: The AL groups showed enhanced locomotion and anxiety compared to the IF (p<0.001); however, IF groups showed significantly (p<0.05) more locomotor activity and less anxiety recovery at ninth and 12th days compared to the AL animals. The neuronal numerical density was significantly (p<0.05) higher in the hippocampus in the AL-IF groups compared to the AL-AL. Conclusion: IF regimen can significantly modify various behavioral characteristics induced by MDMA and promotes faster recovery from MDMA's anxiogenic effects. Additionally, IF regimen had neuroprotective effects on the neurons of the CA1 area of the hippocampus after a single oral dose of MDMA. We believe the results of our study support the need for ZEINAB EBRAHIMIAN, MSc; ZEINAB KARIMI, MSc; MOHAMMAD JAVAD KHOSHNOUD, Pharm D, PhD; MOHAMMAD REZA NAMAVAR, PhD; BAHRAM DARAEI, Pharm D, PhD; MOHSEN RAZA HAIDARI, MD, PhD Drs. Ebrahimian and Khoshnoud are with the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in Shiraz, IR Iran; Drs. Karimi and Daraei are with the Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University in Tehran, IR Iran; Dr. Namavar is with the Section of Histomorphometry and Stereology, Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in Shiraz, IR Iran; and Dr. Haidari is with the Section of Neurosciences, Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, IR Iran. Innov Clin Neurosci. 2017;14(1–2):40–52 FUNDING: Funding was provided by the Student Training Grant (Z.E.) from the Faculty of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical S ciences, Iran. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURES: The authors have no conflicts of interest relevant to the content of this article. ADDRESS CORRESPONDENCE TO: Dr. Mohsen Reza Haidari, Section of Neurosciences, Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; email: drmohsinraza2012@yahoo.com Dr. Mohammad Javad Khoshnaud, Pharm D, PhD; Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in Shiraz, Iran; email: khoshnoudm@sums.ac.ir KEY WORDS: MDMA, intermittent feeding, El=eevated plus-maze, open field, neuronal numerical density, hippocampus O R I G I N A L R E S E A R C H Behavioral and Stereological Analysis of the Effects of Intermittent Feeding Diet on the Orally Administrated MDMA ("ecstasy") in Mice

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